London-based Standard Chartered is expected to pay more than $1 billion (£765 million) to resolve a nearly five-year-old investigation of potential US sanctions violations tied to its banking for Iran-controlled entities in Dubai, as well as a related UK probe, sources said. Standard Chartered has been operating under deferred prosecution agreements with US authorities since 2012, when it paid $667 million for illegally moving millions of dollars through the US financial system on behalf of customers in Iran, Sudan, Libya and Burma.
The agreement has been extended numerous times, the last one extended for 10 days and set to expire on Wednesday. The expected total payout also covers a roughly $134 million penalty from Britain’s Financial Conduct Authority related to historical financial crime controls. Standard Chartered declined to comment. The US Department of Justice, the US Attorney’s office in Washington, the Federal Reserve, the Manhattan District Attorney and the New York Department of Financial Services all declined to comment. The FCA also declined to comment.
The latest US investigation stems in part from evidence found during a probe of French bank BNP Paribas, which paid a record $8.9 billion in penalties and pleaded guilty in 2014 to sanctions-related charges, sources added. Investigators found BNP had done business with a Dubai-registered corporation that acted as a front for an Iranian entity, a person familiar with the matter said in 2014. Investigators said the company also once had an account with Standard Chartered, the person said.
Two former Standard Chartered bankers operating out of Dubai also have been under scrutiny for possible misconduct and could face criminal charges in the probe, another source said. Standard Chartered said in February it had set aside $900 million related to the potential resolution of violations of US sanctions and foreign exchange trading. That sum also included the FCA penalty. The bank settled the foreign exchange probe in February when it was fined $40 million by New York’s banking regulator for attempting to rig transactions between 2007 and 2013.