The Office for National Statistics (ONS) data confirmed the economy contracted at a quarterly rate of 0.2% in the second quarter, a hangover from a stockpiling boom before the original Brexit deadline that was postponed until Oct. 31. The data also showed that households helped to limit the damage to the economy. The new data also showed their financial health was less fragile than previously thought.
The new data also showed Britain’s households have been net lenders to the economy rather than net borrowers ever since the second quarter of 2017. While British industry and investment wilted in the escalating Brexit crisis, household spending increased at a quarterly rate of 0.4%, marking the fastest growth in a year. Previous data had shown households were net borrowers non-stop since late 2016. The status change reflected people donating less to charity than previously thought, meaning households held more assets, as well as landlords earning more money, ONS said.
Changes to the measurement of student loans also contributed to change in the status of households to net lenders, although the figures still showed a “significant” deterioration since the 2016 Brexit vote. Lending to British consumers slowed to its weakest rate in more than five years in August, a sign household demand may be softening in the run-up to Britain’s departure from the European Union, Bank of England (BoE) figures showed. Sterling and British government bonds showed little reaction to the new data.
The ONS figures showed Britain’s current account deficit in the second quarter narrowed by less than expected, to 25.2 billion pounds from 33.1 billion pounds. BoE Governor Mark Carney described Britain as dependent “on the kindness of strangers” before the 2016 Brexit referendum, and last month the BoE said the current account deficit still posed economic risks.
A drop-off in foreign investors’ demand for British assets could trigger a further fall in sterling and make it harder for businesses and consumers to raise finance or borrow. Britain’s economy has slowed since the Brexit referendum, and now faces increased headwinds from trade tensions between the United States and China and a slowdown in Europe.
While most economists think the economy recovered some of its lost ground in the third quarter, the outlook further ahead is clouded by the global slowdown and the Brexit crisis. The ONS figures showed the economy grew by 1.3% in the year to the end of June, revised up from an earlier estimate of 1.2%.
Spending from households and the government - the latter rising at the fastest annual rate since late 2008 - were among the few drivers of growth in Britain’s economy in the second quarter, with business investment falling again.